The UX of VR

A curated list of resources to help you on your journey into the User Experience of Virtual Reality

Videos

Accessibility and VR
https://youtube.com/watch?v=J1SRkoR4iT0

Brian Van Buren, Tomorrow Today Labs

Articles

Designing for Google Cardboard
https://www.google.com/design/spec-vr/designing-for-google-cardboard/

Google

Designing for Virtual Reality
https://ustwo.com/blog/designing-for-virtual-reality-google-cardboard/

Casey Hopkins

The hierarchy of needs in virtual reality development
https://medium.com/@beaucronin/the-hierarchy-of-needs-in-virtual-reality-development-4333a4833acc

Beau Cronin

Speculations on neuro-motivated design for VR
https://medium.com/@beaucronin/speculations-on-neuro-motivated-design-for-vr-3f26685c5c40

Beau Cronin

Analyzing VR as a computing platform
https://medium.com/@beaucronin/analyzing-vr-as-a-computing-plaform-f4e53e25d078

Beau Cronin

From product design to Virtual Reality
https://medium.com/google-design/from-product-design-to-virtual-reality-be46fa793e9b

Jean-Marc Denis

The Fundamentals of User Experience in Virtual Reality
http://www.blockinterval.com/project-updates/2015/10/15/user-experience-in-virtual-reality

Daniel Allen

8 Things Every Educational Game Developer Needs to Know
http://blog.leapmotion.com/8-things-every-educational-game-developer-needs-know/

Alex Colgan, Leap Motion

6 Principals of Leap Motion Interaction Design
http://blog.leapmotion.com/6-principles-of-interaction-design/

Alex Colgan, Leap Motion

The Oculus Rift and User Experience
http://www.uxmatters.com/mt/archives/2013/10/the-oculus-rift-and-user-experience.php

Peter Hornsby

UX & Virtual Reality - Designing for interfaces without Screens
http://www.uxness.in/2015/08/ux-virtual-reality.html

Prashanth Shanmugam

VRID: A Design Model and Methodology for Developing Virtual Reality Interfaces
http://www.cs.tufts.edu/~jacob/papers/vrst01.tanriverdi.pdf

Vilvan tanriverdi & Robert J.K. Jacob

Immersive Design - Learning to let go of the screen
https://medium.com/backchannel/immersive-design-76499204d5f6

Matt Sundstrom

Mobile VR Application Development: User Interface Guidelines
https://developer.oculus.com/documentation/mobilesdk/latest/concepts/mobile-ui-guidelines-intro/

Oculus

Oculus Best Practices for Creating Great VR Content
https://developer.oculus.com/documentation/intro-vr/latest/concepts/book-bp/

Oculus

Designing Intuitative Applications
https://developer.leapmotion.com/articles/designing-intuitive-applications

Leap Motion Blog

VR Best Practice Guidelines
https://developer.leapmotion.com/vr-best-practices

Leap Motion

Immersive Modelling UX
http://www.madebykph.com/vr-ux

Kristian P. Hansen

The UX of 360 Video
http://www.foolproof.co.uk/thinking/the-ux-of-360-degree-video/

Matt Radbourne

5 Lessons I learned from designing the VR UI of Beloola
https://medium.com/beloola-all-our-news-updates/5-lessons-i-learned-from-designing-the-vrui-of-beloola-754f16062c0b

Vincent Munoz

Video game user interface design: Diegesis theory
http://devmag.org.za/2011/02/02/video-game-user-interface-design-diegesis-theory/

Dave Russell

Designing VR Tools
http://blog.leapmotion.com/designing-vr-tools-good-bad-ugly/

Alex Colgan, Leap Motion

The Rise and Fall and Rise of Virtual Reality
http://www.theverge.com/a/virtual-reality

Verge

Virtual Reality User Research: Q & A
https://blinkux.com/blog/virtual-reality-user-research/

Blink UX

Some thoughts about designing for VR
http://www.gamasutra.com/blogs/CarletonDiLeo/20151104/258433/Some_thoughts_about_designing_for_VR.php

Carleton DiLeo

Will Virtual Reality Eat Your Brain (Or Save Humanity)?
http://www.realvirtualshow.com/blog/2015/10/28/will-virtual-reality-eat-your-brain-or-save-humanity

Malia Probst

Comfortable VR Movement in Dead Secret
http://robotinvader.com/blog/?p=493

Robot Invader

Storytelling in Virtual Reality: A Starter's Guide
http://www.vrdribble.com/allthingsvr/2015/11/4/storytelling-in-virtual-reality-a-starters-guide

VR Dribble

UX pointers for VR design
https://medium.com/@timoni/ux-pointers-for-vr-design-dd52b718e19

Timoni West

Going after a new VR Navigation System
https://medium.com/beloola-all-our-news-updates/going-after-a-new-vr-navigation-system-5439e0e860a2

Thomas Balouet

Making Great VR: Six Lessons Learned From I Expect You To Die
http://www.gamasutra.com/blogs/JesseSchell/20150626/247113/

Jesse Schell

Design for Virtual Reality
http://blog.framerjs.com/posts/design-virtual-reality.html

Framer JS Blog

The Swayze Effect
https://storystudio.oculus.com/en-us/blog/the-swayze-effect/

Matt Burdette

Recenter the HMD Before Starting Your Application
https://www.twentymilliseconds.com/post/recentering-hmd-best-practices/

Kevin Burke

VR Interaction Design from the Ground Up
http://blog.leapmotion.com/build-button-workshop-vr-interaction-design-ground/

Alex Colgan, Leap Motion

The fifth wall. Things learned while working with the HTC Vive
http://stateoflux.net/the-fifth-wall-things-learned-while-working-with-the-htc-vive/

Daryl Atkins

Unlocking VRs True Potential with UX
https://medium.com/this-place/unlocking-vr-s-true-potential-with-ux-5c31d7367fe

Jim Yang

How to turn a 6 slides keynote into a WebVR experience
http://unboring.net/cases/deepLinking.html

Arturo Paracuellos

Ten Do's And Don'ts To Improve Comfort in VR
http://www.blockinterval.com/project-updates/2015/10/16/ten-ways-to-improve-comfort-in-vr

Daniel Allen

Interaction Considerations for Virtual and Augmented Reality
https://livierickson.com/blog/oreilly-design-2016-interaction-considerations-for-virtual-and-augmented-reality/

Liv Erickson

A Sense of Scale in VR
http://kholdstare.github.io/technical/2013/10/06/sense-of-scale-vr.html

Alexander Kondratskiy

Get started with VR: user experience design
http://www.vrinflux.com/the-basics-of-virtual-reality-ux/

Adrienne Hunter

Buttons in Virtual Reality - A UI/UX Design Approach
http://realityshift.io/blog/buttons-in-virtual-reality-a-ui-ux-design-approach

Reality Shift

A UX Designers Guide to Combat VR Sickness
http://realityshift.io/blog/a-ux-designers-guide-to-combat-vr-sickness

Reality Shift

You’re the center of the universe: A UX guide to designing virtual reality experiences
http://www.dtelepathy.com/blog/philosophy/ux-guide-designing-virtual-reality-experiences

Samantha Anderson

The Storyteller’s Guide to the Virtual Reality Audience
https://medium.com/stanford-d-school/the-storyteller-s-guide-to-the-virtual-reality-audience-19e92da57497

Katy Newton, Karin Soukup

Cause & Effect— VR’s Essential Interaction
https://medium.com/@WizardofAz/cause-effect-vr-s-essential-interaction-efff0471b470

Azad Balabanian

The UX of VR: How to design user experiences for this new medium
http://www.creativebloq.com/ux/the-user-experience-of-virtual-reality-31619635

Laura Cortes

The user is disabled: solving for physical limitations in VR
http://vrinflux.com/the-user-is-disabled-solving-for-physical-limitations-in-vr/

Adrienne Hunter

NewtonVR: Physics-based interaction on the Vive (Part 1)
http://vrinflux.com/newton-vr-physics-based-interaction-on-the-vive/

Nick Abel

Limbo - dolly shots for cinematic VR
http://uploadvr.com/introducing-limbo-a-vr-camera-movement-technique-by-the-developers-of-colosse/

Daniel Sproll

The Fidelity Contract in VR
http://zanytomato.tumblr.com/post/140725769440/the-fidelity-contract-in-vr

Kimberly Voll

Design Practices in Virtual Reality
https://medium.com/@jonathanravasz/design-practices-in-virtual-reality-f900f5935826

Jonathan Ravasz

Social VR Solutions: How to design Social VR so it isn’t awful
http://suzanimator.com/2016/05/10/social-vr-solutions/

Suzanne Leibrick

The Climb VR Menu
https://www.behance.net/gallery/36973013/The-Climb-VR-Menu

Riho Kroll

Virtual is Reality Again : Interface vs Interference Design 2014
https://medium.com/@LarryRosenthal/virtual-is-reality-again-interface-vs-interference-design-2014-6361e6f45b8c

Larry Rosenthal

UI / UX design patterns in virtual reality
http://realityshift.io/blog/ui-ux-design-patterns-in-virtual-reality

Reality Shift

AR / VR Teleportation Concepts
http://www.albert-hwang.com/blog/2016/5/ar-teleportation-concepts

Albert Hwang

Beyond Reality: First steps into the unknown
https://medium.com/kickpush-design/beyond-reality-first-steps-into-the-unknown-cbb19f039e51

Sam Applebee

Hand Tracked Controls in VR - The Basics
http://blog.mattnewport.com/hand-tracked-controls-in-vr-the-basics/

Matt Newport

Hand Tracked Controls in VR - Throwing
http://blog.mattnewport.com/hand-tracked-controls-in-vr-throwing/

Matt Newport

Design Insights for Virtual Reality UX
https://medium.com/@Punchcut/design-insights-for-virtual-reality-ux-7ae41a0c5a1a

Punchcut

Goodbye Metaphors, Hello World— Interface Design in Virtual Reality
https://medium.com/yvr/goodbye-metaphors-hello-world-interface-design-in-virtual-reality-d2462e52a029

Austin McCasland

Motion, focus, control… Exploring the UX of Virtual Reality
https://xwerx.com/blog/motion-focus-control-exploring-ux-virtual-reality/

Flavien Plouzennec

Virtual Reality Development Tips
http://www.doolwind.com/blog/virtual-reality-development-tips/

Alistair Doulin

Exploring Methods for Conveying Object Weight in Virtual Reality
http://www.roadtovr.com/b-reel-simulating-object-weight-mass-virtual-reality-motion-controllers/

Ben Lang

Don’t teleport. Fly!: How to do it in VR without motion sickness
https://medium.com/yvr/dont-teleport-fly-b175a5c8fd73#.nx9b0gukm

Andre Le

Your brain on virtual reality: The psychology of virtual reality
http://formforthought.com/psychology-of-virtual-reality-vr-design/

Lauren Kelly

Being a superhero in VR makes you a better person
http://formforthought.com/psychology-positive-effects-of-virtual-reality-vr-behaviour/

Lauren Kelly

Reducing cognitive load in VR: 6 ways to improve your VR UX
https://medium.com/@namegoeshere/reducing-cognitive-load-in-vr-d922ef8c6876

Adrienne Hunter

Making Sense of Skyboxes in VR Design: How the physics of our real world translate to VR design practices.
https://medium.com/aol-alpha/making-sense-of-skyboxes-in-vr-design-3e9f8fe254d3

Tessa Chung

A multiplayer approach to collaborative decision-making
https://medium.com/yvr/a-multiplayer-approach-to-collaborative-decision-making-9b3e0747112a

Andre Le

Practical VR: A Design Cheat Sheet.
https://medium.com/@hitsmachines/practical-vr-ce80427e8e9d

Ryan Betts

The Concept of Presence in Virtual Reality
https://medium.com/@choongchingteo/the-concept-of-presence-in-virtual-reality-6d4332dc1a9c

Teo Choong Ching

How to Take Better 360 Photos
https://medium.com/virohq/how-to-take-better-360-photos-cde446994947

Robin Har

VR & Accessibility
http://www.gamasutra.com/blogs/IanHamilton/20161031/284491/VR__accessibility.php

Ian Hamilton

4 Things I learned Designing User Interfaces for VR at Disney.
https://medium.com/startup-grind/4-things-i-learned-designing-user-interfaces-for-vr-cc08cac9e7ec

James Hsu

Augmented Reality: A class of displays on the reality-virtuality continuum
http://web.cs.wpi.edu/~gogo/hive/papers/Milgram_Takemura_SPIE_1994.pdf

Paul Milgram, Haruo Takemura, Akira Utsumi and Fumio Kishino

Methods of Analyzing Your VR Experience
https://medium.com/@alless91/methods-of-analyzing-your-vr-experience-dbdfe0ea2edd

Ali Eslami

Designing VR for Mobile
https://medium.com/virohq/designing-vr-for-mobile-47bc665ab977

Robin Har

Realism, expectations, and the fidelity contract in VR design
https://medium.com/@namegoeshere/realism-expectations-and-the-fidelity-contract-in-vr-design-3782485bd054

Adrienne Hunter

Design a pleasant user experience inside the VR
https://blog.prototypr.io/design-a-pleasant-user-experience-inside-the-vr-a76320c69fdf

Sophie Riwaters

Тhe current state of the UX in VR (Part 1)
http://lensreality.com/uxinvr/

Billy Vacheva

Тhe current state of the UX in VR (Part 2)
http://lensreality.com/%D0%A2he-current-state-ux-in-vr-part-2/

Billy Vacheva

VR interfaces versus traditional interfaces
http://blog.ruisystem.net/virtual-reality/vr-interfaces-versus-traditional-interfaces/

Tuukka Takala

Considerations for VR developers
http://blog.ruisystem.net/virtual-reality/considerations-vr-developers-2016/

Tuukka Takala

Slides

Books

3D User Interfaces: Theory and Practice
http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0201758679

Doug A. Bowman, Ernst Kruijff, Ivan Poupyrev Joseph J. LaViola

Virtual Reality in Journalism
https://towcenter.gitbooks.io/virtual-reality-journalism/content/index.html

Raney Aronson-Rath, James Milward, Taylor Owen and Fergus Pitt

Oculus Rift in Action
http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/1617292192

Bradley Davis, Karen Bryla, Alex Benton

VIRTUAL REALITY
http://vr.cs.uiuc.edu/

Steven M. LaValle

Other

VR Design Lab - Unity project
https://github.com/VRUX-CO/VRDesignLab

Open source VR design examples by VRUX.co

Focal Point VR - Unity Demo Scenes
http://www.albert-hwang.com/focal-point-vr

An Open-Source VR Interaction Framework for the HTC Vive and Unity by Albert Hwang

NewtonVR - Unity framework
http://www.newtonvr.com

A free, physics based, VR Interaction Framework for the HTC Vive and Unity by Tomorrow Today Labs

A-Frame - Building blocks for the virtual reality web
https://aframe.io/

ThreeJS/WebGL/WebVR Framework. Use markup to create VR experiences that work across desktop, iOS, Android, and the Oculus Rift.

SteamVR Unity Toolkit
https://github.com/thestonefox/SteamVR_Unity_Toolkit

A collection of useful scripts and prefabs for building SteamVR titles in Unity 5.

Game accessibility guidelines
http://gameaccessibilityguidelines.com/

A straightforward reference for inclusive game design

Hover UI Kit
http://hovervr.com/

A pre-built 'interface module' provided with Hover UI by Zach Kinstner

The VR Glossary
http://www.vrglossary.org/

The ultimate resource for virtual reality terminology

Prototool
http://prototool.co/

Create, test & share VR design mockups

Microsoft: Fluent Design System
http://fluent.microsoft.com

An eloquent design system for a complex world. Now’s the time for bold, scalable, universal design.

Daydream Elements
https://developers.google.com/vr/elements/overview

A collection of tech demos that showcase principles and best practices for developing high-quality VR experiences

VRTK - Virtual Reality Toolkit
https://github.com/thestonefox/VRTK

VRTK is based on NewtonVR (which is listed), and is a very popular interaction toolkit for Unity.